Crop Pest Surveillance and Advisory Project- for pest management on major crops, Maharashtra
Name of the Initiative and State
Crop Pest Surveillance and Advisory Project (CROPSAP)- for pest management on major crops, Maharashtra
Commissionerate of Agriculture, Government of Maharashtra
Project in Brief
The project was undertaken in the backdrop of severe pest outbreak on soybean crop during 2008-09 in Maharashtra that resulted into crop losses over an area of 9 lakh ha (i.e. 63% of sown area) causing losses to tune of Rs.1,392 crore. The State Government had given compensation worth Rs. 450 crore to the farmers. A team of experts deputed by Government of India submitted their observations and recommendations. An initiative was taken up by the Commissionerate of Agriculture in technical collaboration with National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM), New Delhi to formulate a long-term strategy to deal with situation. For the first time in the country, a multi-stakeholder project involving Crop Research Institutes of National level, State Agriculture Universities and State Department of Agriculture was prepared and implemented through Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY). Effective use of ICT was made in the project. Scientific pest monitoring on real-time basis was first time made possible in the country. The project covers entire area under Rice, Soybean, Cotton, Tur and Gram crop. The area coverage under project is 112.19 lakh hectares.
- Earlier system of pest monitoring was based on visual observations and was found inadequate for proper detection of pest problems
- Scientific software was developed to analyze the data online.
- Effective use of ICT was made for rapid data transmission and issue of advisories to farmer
- Considering the multi-tasking nature of duties of departmental staff, 835 pest scouts and 84 data entry operators were appointed on contractual basis exclusively for the project.
- Connectivity was provided to all the stakeholders. Software and technical training was imparted to field staff.
- Observations were recorded every Monday-Tuesday and Thursday-Friday from fixed plots and random plots. Every Wednesday and Saturday, data was entered online. Analyzed data was made available online to the experts to assist the field officer. The SMS messages of measures to be adopted were passed to farmers every Thursday and Monday.
- Detail advisories were pasted at Gram Panchayat. Wide publicity was done through print and electronic media.
- Village level meetings conducted weekly to guide the farmers
- Pesticides supplied on 50% subsidy wherever the pest situation is above Economic Threshold Level (ETL)
- Rigorous monitoring at all levels
- Pest population data superimposed on weather parameter data through GIS maps to develop correlation of pest population dynamics for developing pest forecasting models.
- Since inception of project there is no outbreak of any major pests on selected crops
- Number of farmers enrolled for SMS service has doubled
- Advisories issued has increased by 4.63 times
- SMS send increased by 11.30 times and shift towards use of bio-pesticides increased by 1.57 times. These figures are self indicative of farmers response to the project.
Presentation on "CROPSAP"